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Education and employment case of new education policy in India

So as you all know after 1986 that is 34 long

years India has introduced a new education

 

policy. To be honest, we all know that the

previous education system was not very good

 

and had so many drawbacks. But do you know,

what exactly this new policy is? What do you

 

think, Will this new policy bring the change

India needs?

 

is this policy really something different

or is it just another way to define the old

 

10+2 education structure? And the most important

question, will this policy help students to

 

earn a living by doing what they really love

to do? 

 

We have done a detailed analysis of the new

education policy.

 

So, this new education policy is being developed

by NCERT that is the National Council of Educational

 

Research and Training and they are not doing

it all by themselves, they will discuss this

 

policy with all the respective entities like

state governments, ministries, and expert

 

bodies. And the best thing is, this policy

will be updated once every 5-10 years considering

 

the future educational requirements.

 

first, lets talk about the most important

thing, the vision of this new education policy.

 

As per the draft, this policy has a very high

and noble aim of having an education system

 

rooted in Indian society that contributes

directly to transforming India, and if you

 

ask how they will do it? The answer is by

providing high-quality education to all. And

 

this will result in India becoming a global

knowledge superpower. With the help of this

 

policy, the government wants education to

play an important role in developing a deep

 

sense of respect and awareness towards the

Fundamental Duties, Constitutional values,

 

and bonding with our country India in this

ever-changing world. As we all are super proud

 

of being Indian, this policy also aims at

deeply rooting pride of being Indian, not

 

only in thoughts but also in our actions and,

develop the behavior that supports human rights,

 

sustainable development and living, and global

well-being, thereby reflecting a truly global

 

citizen. That means students who are future

of our country, along with being proud Indians

 

will not only think about India but about

the whole world for better.

 

You know right now, we have an education structure

of 10+2.And in the new education policy, this

 

education structure is being changed to 5+3+3+4.

But, do you know what this structure really

 

is? If you don’t, that’s okay, even I

didn’t know it until I read the entire education

 

policy. So, Let’s look at it in detail.

 

I don’t know if you know this, that A child’s

brain develops more in the first 5 years after

 

birth than at any time in his entire life.

In the old education structure, a child’s

 

education can be started from age 6 where

it would miss the most important years of

 

brain development. Whereas in the new structure,

the first 5 years will be foundational education

 

where children of age 3 can start their education.

This is very important as the right direction

 

can be provided by schools during the initial

development of the brain.

 

The First 5 years will be the foundational

education which is basically divided into

 

two parts, the first part is a preschool that

is Anganwadi or balvatika is of 3 years, where

 

children of 3 to 6 years old can get education.

And the second part is, class 1 and 2 which

 

is of 2 years where children of 6 to 8 years

old can get an education.

 

These 5 years of fundamental education are

aimed at promoting better overall learning,

 

development, and the well-being of children.

As you know, currently quality education and

 

care at an early age is not available to most

of the children especially to children from

 

socio-economic backward class. But with this

new policy, that is going to change and all

 

the children will have access to quality education

which will help them excel in life. The best

 

thing about this new education system is that

it will consist of flexible, play-based, inquiry-based

 

learning which will help children to achieve

maximum overall development such as physical,

 

social, communication and literacy development.

Now the question is how they will achieve

 

this? To do that, the NCERT will train the

current preparatory school teachers using

 

an advanced framework. This training will

be fully digitized and teachers can do this

 

training through DTH and smartphones. You

might have experienced this that we are currently

 

in a learning crisis where most of the students

in elementary schools cannot read and do simple

 

math. This will be an urgent national mission

under this new education policy.

 

Another thing is enrollment. As per a recent

survey by National Sample Survey Office, there

 

were more than 3 crore students dropped out

of school who were between the age of 6 and

 

17 years. So, with this new education policy,

the government is aiming at bringing all these

 

students back into the school and maintaining

100% school enrollment.

 

The next 3 years will be preparatory education

which is from class 3 to 5 with students from

 

8 to 11 years old. This education will be

based on the play, discovery, and activity-based

 

curricular style, and will also have some

easy textbooks as well as more formal but

 

interactive classroom learning, and this will

help schools to strongly develop students

 

socially as well as academically.

The next 3 years will be Middle school which

 

is from class 6 to 8 with students from 11

to 14 years old. This education stage will

 

be similar to the Previous Stage, but with

the introduction of subject teachers for learning

 

and having discussions of the more interesting

topics across the sciences, mathematics, arts,

 

social sciences, and humanities. This will

be more practical based learning and students

 

will be encouraged to explore different subjects.

And the last 4 years will be Secondary school

 

education which is again divided into two

phases, the first phase includes class 9 and

 

10 and second phase includes class 11 and

12 covering students from ages 14 to 18 years

 

old.

In this, students can learn multiple subjects

 

like previous stage, but with more depth,

greater critical thinking, and greater attention

 

to life’s aspiration. Students will have

great flexibility in choosing the subjects

 

they like. After class 10, for classes 11

and 12, a student can change the course to

 

pursue vocational courses like to become a

computer technician, electrician right after

 

class 12 which is not possible in the current

education system.

 

So, this is how the new education structure

will be. Now let’s look at the most important

 

thing, what changes this policy is going to

bring into the education system .

 

Rote learning that is remembering the things

without understanding them is largely present

 

in the current Indian education system. As

a result, students do get good grades but

 

they do not know where and how to apply their

learnings. This new policy will move the education

 

from rote learning to more understanding based

learning.

 

I am very sure that you must have experienced

this while learning something in school, we

 

always used to question whether this will

really be useful in the future? especially

 

while learning mathematics. So looks like

finally they listened to us, this new policy

 

will reduce the old unnecessary syllabus and

add the syllabus which will help students

 

to learn more essential things and improve

their critical thinking. Unlike old times,

 

the teaching will be made more interactive

and learning-based.

 

Another most important and the best change

this policy is bringing is that in secondary

 

school that is class 9 to 12, students will

have the freedom to choose subjects they like

 

to study, so that they can decide what kind

of degree or diploma they want to pursue and

 

what they want to become in the future. For

example, a student can take courses in science

 

and still learn about arts and humanities.

There will be no separation between the Arts,

 

Commerce, and Science like it is now in the

current system. Similarly, during the first

 

three stages of education, students will be

exposed to more subjects which will help them

 

to understand their interest better in early

age.

 

As per some research, it is proven that children

can quickly understand and learn something

 

when it is in their mother tongue. Even UNESCO

is emphasizing the importance of learning

 

in the mother tongue during primary education

since 1953. And, moving towards this, as per

 

the new policy until at least class 5, the

education will be in mother tongue or home

 

language. But what if, there is a student

in Maharashtra whose mother tongue is not

 

Marathi. For this, the new policy encourages

teachers to use the bilingual approach that

 

is communicating with that student in Hindi

or English whatever is preferable. And this

 

does not mean that the other two language

subjects will be removed, there will still

 

be the three-language formula to promote the

unity of the nation.

 

And the best thing is, there will be no pressure

on the states to choose any specific language

 

as a home language. Not only this but during

middle school under the project “The Languages

 

of India” students will get to do a fun

activity where they will learn the basics

 

of most of the major languages in India. Along

with this, Indian Sign Language will be standardized

 

and made across the country to help students

with hearing disabilities.

 

Another important thing is, most advanced

subjects like Artificial Intelligence, Design

 

Thinking, Environmental Education and, Global

Citizenship Education (GCED) will be introduced

 

to develop advanced skills in students. Also,

during class 6 to 8, every student can take

 

a fun course in which they will learn about

vocational crafts like carpentry, electric

 

work, metalwork, and gardening by doing a

10-day internship at a local vocational expert.

 

This will be very helpful for students to

understand these crafts and how professionals

 

of these crafts work. This will also imbibe

a sense of respect in students about these

 

professions resulting in treating every profession

with respect regardless of how much money

 

a profession makes.

 

Now the most important thing, assessment of

students. Currently, students are being assessed

 

once a year and only on the basis of their

grades. But with this new policy, that is

 

going to be changed and students will be assessed

more frequently and based on competency and

 

high order skills like analysis, critical

thinking, and conceptual clarity. Basically,

 

there will be an overall assessment of a student

in this new education policy.

 

The students will take school examinations

only in class 3, 5 and 8 and even though 10th

 

and 12th board exams will be there, the exams

will test primarily core capacities rather

 

than months of memorization capacities of

students and will remove the current high

 

importance of these exams. Also, students

can take these exams twice in one school year.

 

Now regarding higher education, the policy

aims at a higher educational system consisting

 

of large, multidisciplinary universities and

colleges, with at least one in every district.

 

These universities will have around 3000 students

like one of the oldest universities Takshashila

 

and Nalanda. Grading will be changed and moving

forward every college will become an autonomous

 

entity or become fully part of a university.

Such autonomous institutes can be converted

 

into research centers after their evaluation.

In these new universities, a student can get

 

a degree in almost any field like Arts, Science,

Music, Economics, and Sports. In the current

 

education system you get a degree only after

finishing a 4-year course but now in this

 

new policy, with the multi-entry and multi-exit

option, you don’t necessarily need to finish

 

4 years of a c ourse. In the new system, for

completing 1 year you will get a certificate,

 

for completing 2 years you’ll get a diploma,

and for completing 3 years of a course you

 

get a degree. And if you complete all 4 years,

then you get a degree and research certificate.

 

Requirements for Master’s degrees have been

changed. Master will be of 2 years for students

 

who completed 3 years of a bachelor’s degree

and if you have completed 4 years of bachelor’s

 

degree then Master’s will be of just 1 year.

Apart from this, there will be a course of

 

5 years consisting of bachelor’s and master’s

degrees saving 1 full year. For PhD a student

 

need to have a master’s degree or 4 years

of degree with research and M.phill will be

 

removed from the new education policy.

 

Not only this, but the new policy will also

make sure that the quality teachers will be

 

recruited so as to maintain good quality of

the education.

 

So, Even though the detailed policy draft

has not yet been issued by the government

 

of India, from what we can see this policy

indeed looks better than what we have right

 

now. Now, the only question I have is as India

is a big country, how fast and how well the

 

government can implement this policy.

 

 

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