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Education and employment case of new education policy in India

So as you all know after 1986 that is 34 long

years India has introduced a new education


policy. To be honest, we all know that the

previous education system was not very good


and had so many drawbacks. But do you know,

what exactly this new policy is? What do you


think, Will this new policy bring the change

India needs?


is this policy really something different

or is it just another way to define the old


10+2 education structure? And the most important

question, will this policy help students to


earn a living by doing what they really love

to do? 


We have done a detailed analysis of the new

education policy.


So, this new education policy is being developed

by NCERT that is the National Council of Educational


Research and Training and they are not doing

it all by themselves, they will discuss this


policy with all the respective entities like

state governments, ministries, and expert


bodies. And the best thing is, this policy

will be updated once every 5-10 years considering


the future educational requirements.


first, lets talk about the most important

thing, the vision of this new education policy.


As per the draft, this policy has a very high

and noble aim of having an education system


rooted in Indian society that contributes

directly to transforming India, and if you


ask how they will do it? The answer is by

providing high-quality education to all. And


this will result in India becoming a global

knowledge superpower. With the help of this


policy, the government wants education to

play an important role in developing a deep


sense of respect and awareness towards the

Fundamental Duties, Constitutional values,


and bonding with our country India in this

ever-changing world. As we all are super proud


of being Indian, this policy also aims at

deeply rooting pride of being Indian, not


only in thoughts but also in our actions and,

develop the behavior that supports human rights,


sustainable development and living, and global

well-being, thereby reflecting a truly global


citizen. That means students who are future

of our country, along with being proud Indians


will not only think about India but about

the whole world for better.


You know right now, we have an education structure

of 10+2.And in the new education policy, this


education structure is being changed to 5+3+3+4.

But, do you know what this structure really


is? If you don’t, that’s okay, even I

didn’t know it until I read the entire education


policy. So, Let’s look at it in detail.


I don’t know if you know this, that A child’s

brain develops more in the first 5 years after


birth than at any time in his entire life.

In the old education structure, a child’s


education can be started from age 6 where

it would miss the most important years of


brain development. Whereas in the new structure,

the first 5 years will be foundational education


where children of age 3 can start their education.

This is very important as the right direction


can be provided by schools during the initial

development of the brain.


The First 5 years will be the foundational

education which is basically divided into


two parts, the first part is a preschool that

is Anganwadi or balvatika is of 3 years, where


children of 3 to 6 years old can get education.

And the second part is, class 1 and 2 which


is of 2 years where children of 6 to 8 years

old can get an education.


These 5 years of fundamental education are

aimed at promoting better overall learning,


development, and the well-being of children.

As you know, currently quality education and


care at an early age is not available to most

of the children especially to children from


socio-economic backward class. But with this

new policy, that is going to change and all


the children will have access to quality education

which will help them excel in life. The best


thing about this new education system is that

it will consist of flexible, play-based, inquiry-based


learning which will help children to achieve

maximum overall development such as physical,


social, communication and literacy development.

Now the question is how they will achieve


this? To do that, the NCERT will train the

current preparatory school teachers using


an advanced framework. This training will

be fully digitized and teachers can do this


training through DTH and smartphones. You

might have experienced this that we are currently


in a learning crisis where most of the students

in elementary schools cannot read and do simple


math. This will be an urgent national mission

under this new education policy.


Another thing is enrollment. As per a recent

survey by National Sample Survey Office, there


were more than 3 crore students dropped out

of school who were between the age of 6 and


17 years. So, with this new education policy,

the government is aiming at bringing all these


students back into the school and maintaining

100% school enrollment.


The next 3 years will be preparatory education

which is from class 3 to 5 with students from


8 to 11 years old. This education will be

based on the play, discovery, and activity-based


curricular style, and will also have some

easy textbooks as well as more formal but


interactive classroom learning, and this will

help schools to strongly develop students


socially as well as academically.

The next 3 years will be Middle school which


is from class 6 to 8 with students from 11

to 14 years old. This education stage will


be similar to the Previous Stage, but with

the introduction of subject teachers for learning


and having discussions of the more interesting

topics across the sciences, mathematics, arts,


social sciences, and humanities. This will

be more practical based learning and students


will be encouraged to explore different subjects.

And the last 4 years will be Secondary school


education which is again divided into two

phases, the first phase includes class 9 and


10 and second phase includes class 11 and

12 covering students from ages 14 to 18 years



In this, students can learn multiple subjects


like previous stage, but with more depth,

greater critical thinking, and greater attention


to life’s aspiration. Students will have

great flexibility in choosing the subjects


they like. After class 10, for classes 11

and 12, a student can change the course to


pursue vocational courses like to become a

computer technician, electrician right after


class 12 which is not possible in the current

education system.


So, this is how the new education structure

will be. Now let’s look at the most important


thing, what changes this policy is going to

bring into the education system .


Rote learning that is remembering the things

without understanding them is largely present


in the current Indian education system. As

a result, students do get good grades but


they do not know where and how to apply their

learnings. This new policy will move the education


from rote learning to more understanding based



I am very sure that you must have experienced

this while learning something in school, we


always used to question whether this will

really be useful in the future? especially


while learning mathematics. So looks like

finally they listened to us, this new policy


will reduce the old unnecessary syllabus and

add the syllabus which will help students


to learn more essential things and improve

their critical thinking. Unlike old times,


the teaching will be made more interactive

and learning-based.


Another most important and the best change

this policy is bringing is that in secondary


school that is class 9 to 12, students will

have the freedom to choose subjects they like


to study, so that they can decide what kind

of degree or diploma they want to pursue and


what they want to become in the future. For

example, a student can take courses in science


and still learn about arts and humanities.

There will be no separation between the Arts,


Commerce, and Science like it is now in the

current system. Similarly, during the first


three stages of education, students will be

exposed to more subjects which will help them


to understand their interest better in early



As per some research, it is proven that children

can quickly understand and learn something


when it is in their mother tongue. Even UNESCO

is emphasizing the importance of learning


in the mother tongue during primary education

since 1953. And, moving towards this, as per


the new policy until at least class 5, the

education will be in mother tongue or home


language. But what if, there is a student

in Maharashtra whose mother tongue is not


Marathi. For this, the new policy encourages

teachers to use the bilingual approach that


is communicating with that student in Hindi

or English whatever is preferable. And this


does not mean that the other two language

subjects will be removed, there will still


be the three-language formula to promote the

unity of the nation.


And the best thing is, there will be no pressure

on the states to choose any specific language


as a home language. Not only this but during

middle school under the project “The Languages


of India” students will get to do a fun

activity where they will learn the basics


of most of the major languages in India. Along

with this, Indian Sign Language will be standardized


and made across the country to help students

with hearing disabilities.


Another important thing is, most advanced

subjects like Artificial Intelligence, Design


Thinking, Environmental Education and, Global

Citizenship Education (GCED) will be introduced


to develop advanced skills in students. Also,

during class 6 to 8, every student can take


a fun course in which they will learn about

vocational crafts like carpentry, electric


work, metalwork, and gardening by doing a

10-day internship at a local vocational expert.


This will be very helpful for students to

understand these crafts and how professionals


of these crafts work. This will also imbibe

a sense of respect in students about these


professions resulting in treating every profession

with respect regardless of how much money


a profession makes.


Now the most important thing, assessment of

students. Currently, students are being assessed


once a year and only on the basis of their

grades. But with this new policy, that is


going to be changed and students will be assessed

more frequently and based on competency and


high order skills like analysis, critical

thinking, and conceptual clarity. Basically,


there will be an overall assessment of a student

in this new education policy.


The students will take school examinations

only in class 3, 5 and 8 and even though 10th


and 12th board exams will be there, the exams

will test primarily core capacities rather


than months of memorization capacities of

students and will remove the current high


importance of these exams. Also, students

can take these exams twice in one school year.


Now regarding higher education, the policy

aims at a higher educational system consisting


of large, multidisciplinary universities and

colleges, with at least one in every district.


These universities will have around 3000 students

like one of the oldest universities Takshashila


and Nalanda. Grading will be changed and moving

forward every college will become an autonomous


entity or become fully part of a university.

Such autonomous institutes can be converted


into research centers after their evaluation.

In these new universities, a student can get


a degree in almost any field like Arts, Science,

Music, Economics, and Sports. In the current


education system you get a degree only after

finishing a 4-year course but now in this


new policy, with the multi-entry and multi-exit

option, you don’t necessarily need to finish


4 years of a c ourse. In the new system, for

completing 1 year you will get a certificate,


for completing 2 years you’ll get a diploma,

and for completing 3 years of a course you


get a degree. And if you complete all 4 years,

then you get a degree and research certificate.


Requirements for Master’s degrees have been

changed. Master will be of 2 years for students


who completed 3 years of a bachelor’s degree

and if you have completed 4 years of bachelor’s


degree then Master’s will be of just 1 year.

Apart from this, there will be a course of


5 years consisting of bachelor’s and master’s

degrees saving 1 full year. For PhD a student


need to have a master’s degree or 4 years

of degree with research and M.phill will be


removed from the new education policy.


Not only this, but the new policy will also

make sure that the quality teachers will be


recruited so as to maintain good quality of

the education.


So, Even though the detailed policy draft

has not yet been issued by the government


of India, from what we can see this policy

indeed looks better than what we have right


now. Now, the only question I have is as India

is a big country, how fast and how well the


government can implement this policy.